Generally, no. Your Mobile device runs on an ARM OS, which would not be any more compatible for any possible virus than Windows would.
This is a general answer. It does not mean that such as you describe is 'impossible.' Something could be written to do just that. But the odds of you encountering such a thing is significantly less than you getting struck by lightning while inside of a crashing jet that also collides with an incoming meteorite.
Unless you are a secret agent or deep into the dark web with bitcoin theft- you really would not need to worry about that. Because someone would have to quite literally have to be out to get you. In such a case, the automated Firewall would not be very much help, anyway.