[How-To] Install KDE (plasma), GNOME, XFCE, Cinnamon, MATE, Budgie, LXQt and LXDE Dekstop Environments

UPDATE: 11/01/2022 :- Added GNOME DE to the list. Added more instructions and modified some.
UPDATE: 21/01/2022 :-Modified instructions. Added extra removal steps for KDE plasma desktop and more KDE specific instructions. Added another package to be installed during XFCE installation.

Linux users are often very experimental and want to try something new just because exploring Linux is fun. I have noticed that many users in this forum use a different DE (Desktop Environment) in their respective operating systems which may arouse curiosity among other users. I have also noticed that many here have broken their OS while installing a new desktop environment.
Thus, I felt the need to create a tutorial that would help others install the DE of their choice.

Important! Read these instructions before proceeding:

  • I do not recommend installing a new DE unless the current one does not fit your needs. If you want the best experience consider using a distro that uses the DE of your choice out of the box.
  • There are chances that you might break your OS while installing the new DE, so make sure to create a backup before you proceed.
  • If you don't like your new DE, do not remove it straightaway, you might start liking it after sometime. However, if you still don't like it, I have also mentioned the removal instructions of each DE.
  • Having several desktop environments can cause themeing issues.
  • There are more desktop environments out there, but I have taken the pain of covering only the popular ones.
  • While following the steps do not read and follow altogether. First read the complete guide and then follow.
  • After installing/removing remember to reboot your computer for the changes to take effect.
  • Whenever you are trying to remove a DE, first switch to the original/different DE and only then should you follow the "Removal" procedure.
  • Not all packages that were installed will be removed when you remove a DE. You can keep them or if you don't want to keep bloat, simply remove them using Synaptic package manager.
  • You can have several desktop environments at the same time but I do not recommend that because you might have issues like missing icons or too many icons for the same application or you may also run out of storage.
    Note: Apart from themeing issues, I have experienced bugs and problems at startup. This usually happens when you install a DE, say cinnamon or kde plasma, and when you start GNOME; startup applications like cinnamon-menu and latte-dock are likely to cause problems.
  • I have not included Deepin Desktop in the list because I have not tried installing it myself and don't have any plans of trying either (yet). If anyone has installed it before and want it to be added to this guide, feel free to edit this post if you have the privileges (but respect the formatting) or PM me anytime.
  • In case you break anything or can't figure out something don't panic and post your problem in the General Help section of this forum.

KDE Plasma

Installation:

Caution: KDE Plasma Desktop causes themeing issues in other desktop environments. It forces the icon theme and cursor theme on other DEs. So, you'll need to reapply the themes in the respective DEs.

To install KDE Plasma Desktop, open the terminal and enter the following command:

sudo apt install kde-plasma-desktop

After you enter your password a prompt will appear asking you to choose your Display Manager. At this point you should choose whichever display manager you prefer. SDDM is KDE's display manager. I hate the default SDDM but you would be surprised to see how much configurable it is as compared to GDM.
Once this is done, the remaining packages will be configured. Now reboot your computer after the installation and you will get the option to boot into KDE Plasma session from the lock screen

Removal:

To remove KDE Plasma, open the terminal and run:

sudo apt-get remove --autoremove kde-plasma-desktop

If you want to purge the local data also then use this command instead:

sudo apt-get purge --autoremove kde-plasma-desktop 

Note: When you remove KDE Plasma, some KDE applications and components will remain. Now, you can keep these if you want but it is unnecessary to keep the bloat. So, install synaptic package manager:

sudo apt install synaptic

Now, open synaptic and scroll the sidebar until you find "KDE Desktop Environment (universe)". Mark all the installed packages for removal (installed packages are marked with green). After marking them all, click on Apply Changes. Wait for synaptic to remove the packages and then you are done.

GNOME

Installation:

Note: This is not a way to update your GNOME version to the latest version. This is a method to install GNOME if you don't have it already. I have no idea whether you will get the latest GNOME 4 or the max GNOME version that is allowed by the respective base Ubuntu version that your Zorin OS version uses...

To install GNOME open the terminal and simply enter the command:

sudo apt-get install gnome-session

After that you will get a pop-up asking you to choose your Display Manager. You can choose GDM if you want but lightDM is more configurable. After the rest of the installation is done, you can log out and change the session to GNOME in order to get into it.

Removal:

Remove GNOME using:

sudo apt-get purge --autoremove gnome-session

XFCE

Installation:

To install XfCE, open the terminal and simply run:

sudo apt-get install xfce4 xfce4-goodies

That's it!
Reboot and change the session to XFCE to use it and enjoy!

Removal:

Run the following command in the terminal:

sudo apt-get purge -- autoremove xubuntu-icon-theme xfce4-*

Cinnamon

Installation:

Open the terminal and enter:

sudo apt-get install cinnamon

Alternatively, you can install the cinnamon-core package which contains the cinnamon desktop environment as well as some other essential components.
To install that run:

sudo apt-get install cinnamon-core

Reboot your computer and change the session to Cinnamon in the login screen whenever you wish to use it.

Removal:

In the terminal run:

sudo apt-get remove cinnamon

or if you installed the cinnamon core package then run:

sudo apt-get remove cinnamon-core

MATE

Installation:

In the terminal run:

sudo apt install mate-desktop-environment

Change the session to MATE in the login screen whenever you wish to use it.

Removal:

Open the terminal and run:

sudo apt-get remove mate-desktop-environment

Budgie

Installation:

To install Budgie, simply run this command in terminal.

sudo apt install ubuntu-budgie-desktop

When everything is done downloading, you will get a prompt to choose your display manager. Select ‘lightdm’ to get the full Budgie experience.

After the installation is complete, reboot your computer. You will be then greeted by the Budgie login screen.

Removal

Open the terminal and run:

sudo apt-get remove --autoremove ubuntu-budgie-desktop ubuntu-budgie*

LXQt

Installation:

Open the terminal and run:

sudo apt install lxqt

After the installation, reboot your computer.

Removal:

In the terminal run:

sudo apt-get remove --autoremove lxqt

LXDE

Installation:

Open the terminal and run:

sudo apt-get install lxde

Reboot your computer after the installation.

Removal:

Remove LXDE by opening the terminal and running the command:

sudo apt-get remove --autoremove lxde

Finally... If you had installed lightdm/sddm and want to remove them.

Remember that there are no restrictions on display managers no matter which DE you are using.
However, if you still want to use GDM/lightdm, open the terminal and run:
For gdm:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure gdm3

and select gdm when the prompt appears.
For lightdm:

sudo dpkg-reconfigure lightdm

and select lightdm when the prompt appears.

14 Likes

Nice tutorial @Elegant_Emperor :sunglasses::+1:t2:

3 Likes

@Elegant_Emperor Sweet!
awesome darth maul GIF

4 Likes

What star wars lego game is that @Bubby ?

2 Likes

Thank You very much @Elegant_Emperor like always perfect guide. Happy New Heart all the best.

4 Likes

From experience, on this one I recommend:

sudo apt install cinnamon cinnamon-core

Some users may also want:

sudo apt install lxde-gtk3

3 Likes

Hmmm...but what is the difference? if you could tell, I would add that.

EDIT: Just found out the difference here:

One of the answers stated:

Look at the output of:

apt show cinnamon cinnamon-desktop-environment cinnamon-core

Basically you can say that cinnamon is a part of cinnamon-core which itself is a part of cinnamon-desktop-environment.

  • cinnamon is the most basic and minimal Cinnamon installation you can get.
  • cinnamon-core is a minimal Cinnamon desktop, but it also includes few more packages than cinnamon, like the e.g. file manager nemo.
  • cinnamon-desktop-environment is a full desktop environment suite which also includes standard applications like a browser, mail client, document viewer, editor, picture viewer, multimedia viewer, etc...

I will add cinnamon-core in the tutorial.

3 Likes

I did not include that because the gtk3 version is still in the experimental phase.
Read this ArchWiki page which tells:

GTK 3 version

An experimental GTK 3 build of LXDE can be installed with the lxde-gtk3 group.

While it works mostly, there are some known issues with gpicview, lxappearance-obconf, lxlauncher and lxpanel.

1 Like

the first I believe

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I never saw that saber in the first one :joy:

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For Zorin what you recommend DE?

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If I am understanding it right...you are asking me which desktop environment Zorin OS should use. I may have misunderstood your question so 🤷.

Personally, I consider Zorin OS a transitional OS for Windows users. When Windows users leave their old operating system, they are in a way 'leaving their comfort zone' and entering in the completely new world of Linux.
Linux newbies need stability and a good experience in Linux otherwise they wouldn't think twice and immediately switch back to Windows.
Gnome Desktop fits this description as it gives more stability and is also user-friendly. Other DEs that I know of can be quite overwhelming and would kill the purpose of Zorin OS. Therefore, I think Zorin OS should continue using gnome as their default DE.

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I never thought much of Gnome - I much prefer Cinnamon, now that I have found it.

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I will go to xfce and Cinnamon but not today.

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Oh c’mon, Bourne. There’s no fun like getting drunk and then tweaking a computer. :crazy_face:

PS - unless that’s not alcohol. Then no fun at all.

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I know that when I wake up next day and wondering what happens here? Some virus :rofl: but sometimes this help really and repair why? Because you forget stress and your mind see a mistakes. :grin:

4 Likes

Nice tutorial brother :heart: @Elegant_Emperor

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All.
Please note this is a "Tutorial" thread and not a discussion re DE pro's and cons. That conversation is on-going here :wink:

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Yes. My mistake. This topic is something how to installing diffrents DE Desktop distribution themes and etc?

Top my bro!!

1 Like