Installation advice

Hi all,

I am finally sorted all my issues with Zorin 16 core.

I can now install for real ( again) and maybe 16 pro.

What i am thinking is this ok ?

EFI partition 512 mb
root partition 220 gb ,ext4 or btrfs is better for snapshot backups ?
home partition 215 gb, ext4
swap partition or swap file ?

My laptop is :

      Topology: Quad Core 
      model: AMD Ryzen 5 3500U with Radeon Vega Mobile Gfx bits: 64 
      type: MT MCP arch: Zen+ rev: 1 L2 cache: 2048 KiB 
      flags: avx avx2 lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 sse4a ssse3 svm 
      bogomips: 33550 
      Speed: 1222 MHz min/max: 1400/2100 MHz boost: disabled 
      Core speeds (MHz): 1: 1222 2: 1222 3: 1231 4: 1275 5: 1266 6: 1223 
      7: 1259 8: 1248 
      Device-1: AMD Picasso vendor: Hewlett-Packard driver: amdgpu v: kernel 
      bus ID: 04:00.0 chip ID: 1002:15d8 
      Device-2: Lite-On HP Wide Vision HD Camera type: USB driver: uvcvideo 
      bus ID: 3-1:2 chip ID: 04ca:709d 
      Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.20.9 compositor: kwin_x11 driver: amdgpu 
      FAILED: ati unloaded: modesetting alternate: fbdev,vesa 
      resolution: 1920x1080~60Hz s-dpi: 96 
      OpenGL: renderer: AMD RAVEN (DRM 3.38.0 5.8.11-1-MANJARO LLVM 10.0.1) 
      v: 4.6 Mesa 20.1.8 direct render: Yes 
      Device-1: AMD Raven/Raven2/Fenghuang HDMI/DP Audio 
      vendor: Hewlett-Packard driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel 
      bus ID: 04:00.1 chip ID: 1002:15de 
      Device-2: AMD Raven/Raven2/FireFlight/Renoir Audio Processor 
      vendor: Hewlett-Packard driver: snd_rn_pci_acp3x v: kernel 
      bus ID: 04:00.5 chip ID: 1022:15e2 
      Device-3: AMD Family 17h HD Audio vendor: Hewlett-Packard 
      driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel bus ID: 04:00.6 chip ID: 1022:15e3 
      Sound Server: ALSA v: k5.8.11-1-MANJARO 
      Device-1: Realtek RTL8822BE 802.11a/b/g/n/ac WiFi adapter 
      vendor: Hewlett-Packard driver: rtw_8822be v: N/A port: f000 
      bus ID: 02:00.0 chip ID: 10ec:b822 
      IF: wlo1 state: up mac: <filter> 
      Local Storage: total: 942.70 GiB used: 6.97 GiB (0.7%) 
      ID-1: /dev/nvme0n1 vendor: Intel model: SSDPEKNW512G8H 
      size: 476.94 GiB speed: 31.6 Gb/s lanes: 4 serial: <filter> rev: HPS0 
      scheme: GPT 
      ID-2: /dev/sda type: USB vendor: HGST (Hitachi) model: HTS725050A7E630 
      size: 465.76 GiB rotation: 7200 rpm serial: <filter> scheme: GP

thanks :slight_smile:

This seems large to me. Honestly, 40gigs on Root for Zorin Core should be more than enough. For Zorin Pro, you may opt for as much as 64 gigs.

I honestly believe that ext4 is easier to work with while brtfs has its good points - it is not enough to justify setting it up for most home users.
You may read up on a variety of net searches about brtfs and with all opinions gathered, make a decision that suits you the best.

You only need a swap partition if you are setting up the Hibernate ability on Zorin OS. Otherwise, the Zorin Installation automatically sets up a swap file for you. If at any time you want to change how that works, we can do so with a few easy terminal commands.


Thanks for instant reply :slight_smile: :upside_down_face:

You are hero of this forum <3

I Always used half/half for root/home partition. About swap, hm ,not sure, never hibernation worked for me on least on Arch. I will go with ext4


I am just finishing my Z16 pro installation. I did custom install, with separate boot, root and home partition..
So no swap partition or swap file.

How can I add swap file after install ? Thanks

Here is a full guide that probably is far more in depth than I would have been:

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Thanks..actually swap file was there, but I removed them, and made a new one (bigger) :slight_smile:

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This is original automatic installation without manual.
Can I change something here?

In disks you can adjust your root partition size, i wouldn't go below 60GB, as aravisian recommended. Create your partition for home, swap (if you like) and maybe even a storage partition (backups, movies.. whatever).

Copy your home folder to the new partition:

cp -Rp /home/* /new-partition-mount-point

Get the new partitions UUID either from disks or terminal:

sudo blkid

Edit fstab to mount on boot:

sudo gedit /etc/fstab

Adding a new line with:

/home ext4 nodev,nosuid 0 2

As a backup, move your home directory:

cd / 
sudo mv /home /home_OLD
sudo mkdir /home

Restart and if everything goes well, delete your home directory backup (home_old):

sudo rm -rf /home_OLD

root partitiom what I remember this is a system operation all programs?
For me standard I need two partition for system and for data.
I can also can check if swap partition working for rtcwake this program and sleep mode. Cannot do that with gparted?

(/) root partition is for system and Linux files
(home) is for your data, downloads, documents etc

Swap partition you can make only before install of Zorin. Swap file you can set anytime.

If you need sleep mode etc, swap partition is needed.

For you , maybe best case is to make new installation with this layout :
(efi partition) for bootloader , fat32 (boot flag)
(/) root partition , ext4
(home) partition, ext4
(swap) partition

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I will used only Zorin 16 Pro on this hard disk ssd.
With new installation I need again configuration with drivers graphic cards and another things. I am start reading little with LPIC 1-101
I want better understand linux and Zorin is friendly for new users.

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