When I boot with Zorin OS 16 specified on the Grub screen, it fails to boot with the following error message:
エラー: no such device: c3b98178-e48... (ENGLISH: Error: no such device: c3b98178-e48...)
エラー: ディスク hd0,gpt5が見つかりません。(ENGLISH: Error: Disk hd0,gpt5 is not found.)
エラー: まずカーネルをロードする必要があります。(ENGLISH: Error: Kernel must be loaded first.)
続行するにはなにかキーを押してください... (ENGLISH: Press any key to continue...)
Wow, I've been looking at the user manual for that machine... that's a pretty awesome bit of kit... did you know it's got two BIOSs, and you can switch between them if one of them has settings that cause the machine to crash (or if a BIOS update fails and crashes that BIOS)?
Unfortunately, I don't see any hardware testing facility in the BIOS, so you'll have to boot the Zorin OS USB stick to check the drive. Looks like you've lost your boot sector, but there's no way to be certain until you test the drive.
So boot the Zorin OS USB stick, then open the Disks application, and click the 3-vertical-dots button at top-right, then select SMART Data & Self-Tests. I'd recommend doing the extended test.